Our formula was hand selected to work synergistically with one another in order to bring you the best tasting, most effective supplement possible.

Aerobic

Requiring oxygen. Aerobic exercise, for example, requires increased oxygen consumption. Opposite of anaerobic.
ADP

An important chemical our cells use to produce energy—ADP forms when ATP (the source of cellular energy) breaks down to fuel muscle contractions. To recreate ATP and thus replenish our cells’ energy stores, ADP combines with creatine phosphate.
ATP

A compound that stores energy in muscles to fuel contractions. ATP breaks down into ADP to provide the energy for such muscle contractions. You can think of it as the actual fuel our muscles use to move.
Amino Acids

A basic building block of protein that contains nitrogen. There are 22 amino acids, 8 of which cannot be produced within the body and are considered essential. Other amino acids appear to be conditionally essential because our bodies need more of them during stressful situations, including when recovering from intense exercise. The rest are considered nonessential.
Anabolism

A state in which more muscle is being built up than torn down.
Anaerobic

Exercise employing short, vigorous bursts of activity with little additional oxygen requirements. Opposite of aerobic.
BCAA’s (Branched Chain Amino Acids)

These three amino acids—Valine, Isoleucine, and Leucine—account for one third of the protein in muscle tissue. This significant contribution makes them important for helping build muscle and increase energy in muscle cells. They are also converted to other amino acids when deficiencies arise.
Bioavailability

The amount of a nutrient that enters the bloodstream and thus reaches the tissues and organs of the body.
Catabolism

The amount of a nutrient that enters the bloodstream and thus reaches the tissues and organs of the body.
Concentric Contraction

The portion of an exercise when the muscle contracts or shortens.
DOMS (Delayed Onset Muscular Soreness)

A condition that occurs after exercise as a result of micro tears within muscles during the body-rebuilding phase. Lasts 24 to 72 hours.
Dipeptide

Protein fragments made up of only two amino acids.
Fast Twitch Muscles

Refers to muscle cells that fire quickly and are used in anaerobic activities such as sprinting, weight training, and power lifting.
Free Form Amino Acids

Structurally unlinked, individual amino acids.
Glycogen

The form of glucose stored primarily in the liver and muscles. It is converted back into glucose as needed to supply energy.
Glycolysis

The energy-yielding conversion of glucose to lactic acid.
Lactic Acid

A waste product of metabolism that accumulates in muscles during exercise that causes fatigue and soreness.
mTOR

Mammalian Target of Rapamycin. One of the body’s protein synthesis regulators, energy sensors, and nutrient sensors of amino acid availability, specifically of Leucine. mTOR is activated when ATP levels are high, and blocked when ATP levels are decreased. mTOR activation is vital for skeletal muscle hypertrophy.
Protein Synthesis

The rate your muscles rebuild themselves after being broken down by intense training.
Red Blood Cell

A blood cell that contains hemoglobin (the red pigment that gives blood its color) and carries oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the bloodstream. Also called erythrocytes.
RPE (Rate of Perceived Exertion)

Rating of perceived exertion is a scale from one to ten used to assess exercise intensity. One is total relaxation while ten is maximum exercise intensity.
Slow Twitch Muscles

Muscle cells that contract slowly, are resistant to fatigue, and are used in endurance activities such as long-distance running, cycling, or swimming.
Synergistically

When supplements enhance or multiply each other’s effects when used together (by “cooperating” in the body).
VO2 Max

The maximum amount of oxygen a person can use per minute of work, indicating cardiovascular efficiency.